Overtraining is a result from prolonged loading. Overtraining or overstrain as a rule is result from frequent training with intensive and unvaried physical and neurological loads (with stronger opponents).
First sign of overtraining is the sleep disorder (mainly when falling asleep). The fighter becomes nervous, loses speed, his coordination disrupts; the color of his skin is changing. Sometimes, after maximal training loads appears headache, dizziness, heartache. All those are symptoms of overtraining. Often they come together with overall tiredness accompanied with arrhythmic, weak pulse with bursts.
Overtraining might be caused by very heavy and intense load of competitive character, exceeding the capabilities of the organism, that might be weaken by sickness, work fatigue before training or weight cut.
After a fighter being diagnosed with overtraining by sports medic and the coach, it has to be decided how to proceed with his recovery and further training. In less extreme cases it is recommended active rest; sparring with lighter opponents, sticking to normal regimen, high calories nutrition and vitamin supplementation, to overcome the condition. It is also necessary to increase the sleep time in the regimen.
In combat sports, overtraining is often result from too many sparring or matches with stronger opponents. Frequent unsuccessful attempts of grappling techniques lead to violation of established stereotypes and cause neurological and physical overloading, which leads to overtraining.
When symptoms of overtraining appear the fighter have to make more sparring with less experienced opponents.
1. Chumakov E.M. “100 Lessons Of Sambo” 1971